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File vs.Folder (101)
Computers have thousands (some tens of thousands) of individual files and some, thousands of folders that are stored (saved) on the hard drive.
A file may be a picture, word processed document, piece of music, etc. Those are your data files. But there are also hundreds of individual program files a.k.a. libraries, scripts and other names used by the computer to operate. See File Extensions.
Just like a physical filing cabinet, the computer stores those individual files within folders. There can be only one file with a specific name in a single location so files are stored in various folders.
The filing cabinet is the computer's hard drive and the top level is called the root. Using the Windows File Explorer we can look at the various folders and files on the computer. See showing details.A quick word on file names, more information elsewhere
When saving files, be aware:
- The maximum file name length is a little over 200
characters, but the includes the folder location.
- C:\users\steve\documents\store info\document.docx has an actual file name length of 49 characters (spaces are characters tool).
- Do not use forward (/) or backslashes (\), Colon (:),
Question mark (?), Tilde (~) and Asterisk (*)
- While you may get away with one or more, best just to avoid them as they all have special meaning to the Operating System and can cause file saving, file name problems.
* Our DDBackup folder is simply a raw copy of everything found on our main storage device which is not this particular computer. In the event of the storage device failure, we at least of a copy of all of out data. In the event of a computer failure, there is no working data on it so we have lost nothing (in the way of data).
If you want to share data (or devices) from one computer to other computers on your local network, see Folder sharing here.